High Blood Pressure Symptoms| Causes of Hypertension|

High Blood Pressure! Everything You Need To Know!

High Blood Pressure Symptoms, hypertension Symptoms

High blood pressure (hypertension) is defined as the high pressure (stress) in the arteries.

 Blood pressure is the amount of force that is carried on the walls of arteries with blood flowing through the arteries. Blood pressure is measured in 2 ways. 

Systemic blood pressure is equal to the pressure in the during the contraction of the heart. There is pressure in the arteries during diastolic pressure heart relaxation. They are measured in millimeters (mmHg) of both mercury.

The person whose blood pressure is consistently 140/90 mmHg or more, is suffering from Hypertension.

Blood pressure is usually divided into five categories:

1. Hypotension (low blood pressure);

- Systolic MMH, 90 or less, or
- Diastolic MMH 60 or less

2. General;

- Systolic mmHg 90-119, and
Diastolic MMH 60-79

3. Preparation
- Systolic MMH 120-139, or
Diastolic MMH 80-89

4. Level 1 High Blood Pressure
- Systolic mmHg 140-159, or
Diastolic MMH-90- 99

5. Level 2 High Blood Pressure
- More than 160 systolic mmHg, or
Diastolic MMH is more than 100

If you have high blood pressure, then this high pressure puts extra stress on your heart and blood vessels. Over time, this extra stress enhances the risk of your heart attack or stroke. Complications of high blood pressure include heart disease, kidney disease, hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis or arteriosclerosis), eye damage, and stroke (brain damage).

symptoms of high blood pressure;

Most people with hypertension will not experience any symptoms unless the level is high up to 180/110 mmHg. However, if untreated, it increases the risk of serious problems such as heart attack and stroke.

Symptoms of high blood pressure include:

 ● A headache, usually durable for several days

 ● Nausea - anxiety, and discomfort in the stomach with the urgency of vomiting


Dizziness - Lightness, instability, and vertigo.


Epistaxis - nose bleeding

● Nervousness

Dyspnea - breathing trouble
If anybody experiences these symptoms, they should immediately see their doctor.

If long-term treatment is left untreated, hypertension can lead to the following complications:

● Heart attack, stroke, heart failure.

● An aneurysm

● Blood clot

● Kidney Disease and Kidney Failure

● metabolic syndrome

● Cognitive and memory problems

Reasons for hypertension;

There are two types of hypertension:

1.Essential Hypertension (Primary Hypertension):

 When there is no valid reason to identify high blood pressure.

2.Secondary hypertension:

 High blood pressure with an underlying cause, such as diseases or specific medications.

Hypertension can occur with different conditions and medications, including:

 ● obstructive sleep apnea

 ● kidney problems

 ● Adrenal gland tumor

 ● Thyroid problems 

 ● Some defects in blood vessels with which you     are born (innate)

 ● Some medicines, such as birth control pills, cold treatments, decongestants, painkillers, and certain prescription drugs

 ● Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
Alcohol abuse or chronic use of alcohol
Apart from this,

you are at the increased risk of high blood pressure if you:

● Are over 65 years of age.

● Overweight or obese.

● Are of African or Caribbean origin.

● You have a relative, high blood pressure.

● Eat too much salt and do not eat enough fruits and vegetables.
● Do not exercise enough.

● Drink too much alcohol or coffee (or other caffeine-based beverages).

● Do smoke.

● Not enough sleep.

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